Canada is the second biggest country on earth, covering an space of 10 million square kilometers (3.9 million square miles). Three oceans border Canada: the Pacific Ocean in the west, the Atlantic Ocean in the east, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Altogether, Canada has over 200,000 kilometers (125,000 miles) of seaboard. Canada shares two borders with the United States: a very long border in the south and another long boundary in the northwest.
Due to its large size, Canada has many different types of landscape. There are areas with high mountains, different types of forests, prairie grasslands and arctic tundra where the ground is permanently frozen. Canada is also home to many rivers and lakes.
Like Canada’s landscapes, the climate varies across the country. In the areas where most of the population lives, there are generally four distinct seasons – summer, fall, winter and spring.
- Summer lasts from around June to September and the weather varies from warm to hot, with daytime temperatures between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius or Centigrade (68 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit) or higher. In southern Ontario and Quebec it can often be very humid.
- Fall and spring are transition seasons during which the weather becomes progressively colder or warmer and much of the annual rainfall occurs.
- Winter is very cold in most places, with temperatures often well below zero degrees Celsius or Centigrade (32 degrees Fahrenheit). Snow covers the ground from around December to March or April. An exception is southwest British Columbia (including the cities of Victoria and Vancouver) where winter temperatures generally remain above zero degrees and rain is more common than snow.
Depending on where you are immigrating from, you may be quite surprised by the cold and snow during your first Canadian winter. Be sure to buy a winter coat, boots, gloves and hat to keep you warm. With the right clothing, you will be prepared to enjoy the unique beauty of a Canadian winter.
Cities, Provinces And Regions
Canada has 10 provinces and three territories, each with its own capital city. These provinces and territories are commonly grouped into five regions.
Ottawa, the capital city of Canada, is located on the Ottawa River on the border between Ontario and Quebec. It is Canada’s fourth largest city.
The three largest cities in Canada are Toronto (Ontario), Montreal (Quebec) and Vancouver (British Columbia). The total population of these cities is over 10 million people (almost one-third of the Canadian population).
Regions, Provinces, Territories And Capitals
The population of Canada has a very unequal distribution. Due to factors related to historical settlement, climate and the economy, the bulk of people live in southern Ontario and Quebec, southwest British Columbia and Alberta. Much of the north has a very low population density, mostly due to the cold climate.
Freedoms And Rights In Canada
In Canada, both federal and provincial or territorial laws protect the rights and freedoms of individuals. The Canadian Constitution includes the rights and freedoms to which Canadians are entitled in a free and democratic society. The Constitution guarantees certain political rights to Canadian citizens. It also guarantees civil rights to everybody in Canada.
- The freedom to express your beliefs and opinions freely (including through free press).
- The freedoms to associate with anyone you wish and gather peacefully with other people.
- The freedom to practice religion.
- The right to live anywhere in Canada.
- The right to security from unlawful or unjust arrest or detention by the government because in Canada every individual is equal before and under the law. You also have the right to due legal process under Canadian law. This means that the government must respect all your rights under the law.
- The right to the equal security and equal benefit of the law without judgment and, in particular, without discrimination based on race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, sex, age, and mental or physical disability.
- The same rights whether you are a woman or a man.
- The right to receive services from the federal government in either English or French.
The Rights after Canadian Citizenships
If you become a Canadian citizen, you will have the right to:
- Vote in federal, provincial or territorial, and municipal elections.
- Be a candidate in elections.
- Apply for a Canadian passport and enter and leave the country freely.
You will also have the legal duty to serve on a jury if called to do so and the civic responsibility to contribute to Canadian democracy by voting in elections.
To get started with your process, or to get a detailed view on Express Entry or to know about other pathways to migrate to Canada, you can contact our immigration experts at our number 8448420101 or send your CV to firstname.lastname@example.org
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